From 1994 the German Post office introduced codes for mail centres with each having its own unique number within the hand stamp to cancel mail. The Briefzentren codes were used where a town cancellation was not or could not be used. In most cases the hand stamp only has the Briefzentren code and not the mail centre location.
A detailed reference book on 300 years of the Scottish Posts as a Historical Survey from 1536 to 1836. All research was done in the Scottish Record Office and the National Library of Scotland in Edinburgh. The author goes into great detail with methodical precision to ensure the reader is presented with all the available information on this subject. Most of which had not been previously published before this work.
A summarised catalogue of the postal history and postal marks of Great Britain (to include England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland from the first Bishop Mark of 1661 to circa 1840.
The precancel stamp society of GB membership is available through their website:
About the Society
With its membership drawn from the UK, mainland Europe and North America, the PSS-GB has been active for over 50 years in catering for collectors interested in precancelled stamps and postal stationery.
What are Precancels?
Pre-cancelled stamps, or precancels, were introduced by various countries as a means of saving time, reducing costs in handling certain classes of mail and as a deterrent to theft.
This was done by allowing authorised users to affix stamps already cancelled on to bulk mail, thus avoiding a time-consuming step in processing at the post office. Pre-cancelled items had to be handed in at a post office and only the holder of the license was able to do so.
The former National Postal Museum was in part established to house the collection. Today, The Postal Museum has taken over responsibility for caring and developing access to the Phillips Collection.
Germany is one of the most interesting and challenging countries to collect even in its basic form without specific specialisation. If you were to just collect Germany it would keep you interested and busy for many years. Below is a high-level breakdown of the basic areas of German philately. Each area in its own right could be a specialisation if you so wish.